DEPARTURE OF PROF. Dr. MOHAMAD F. TAWFIK ONE OF DISTINGUSHED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL PIONEERS IN THE ARAB COUNTRIES AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL BOARD OF THE EGYPTIAN SOCIETY (ESBCP)

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On 2nd of April 2014, the Egyptian Society for Biological Control of Pests has lost one of the leading scientists of biological and integrated control of pests; Prof. Dr. Mohamed Fouad Tawfik, God’s mercy. His death has deeply touched all the members of the society, his colleagues and students in Egypt and in the Arab world.

Dr. Tawfik was born on 15th of April 1925 in Cairo.
Obtained his B. Sc. degree in Agricultural Science from the Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt in 1947.
Obtained his M. Sc. degree in Economic Entomology from the same department in 1953, and
Obtained his Ph. D. degree in Philosophy of Science (Economic Entomology) from Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland in 1957.
Dr. Tawfik was appointed as a demonstrator at the Dept. of Plant Protection, Fac. of Agriculture, Cairo University in Egypt in 1948, and remained until his death at the same department, promoted to be a lecturer of economic entomology in 1958, an assistant professor in 1964, a professor in 1971, a chairman of the board of the department in 1981, then emeritus professor in 1985, and part-time professor in 2000. He spent also four years (1974-1978), as a professor of Economic Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq.

Dr. Tawfik contributed in establishment of a large scientific school in the field of biological control of agricultural pests in Egypt and throughout the Arab world, where many under- and post-graduate students graduated under his supervision. He supervised 38 master and 21 doctoral theses and published more than 160 scientific papers in the field of biological and integrated pest control in many magazines and scientific international journals. He published 7 reference books (General Entomology (1983), Biological Control of Agricultural Pests (1993), Biological Control of Agricultural Pests (second edition in 1996), Aquatic Insects (2004), Insects and the Environment (2004), Locusts and Biological Control (2005), Basic Morphology of Insects (2006).

He also contributed in management of many research projects and applied researches in the field of biological control of agricultural pests. The success of a number of them had created distinct units for the production of natural enemies (safe bioagents) of agricultural pests that still running for now supplying farmers and producers of organic crops with their needs, such as: production unit of predatory insects, production unit of entomopathogenic viruses, applied center for entomopathogenic nematodes and production unit of entomopathogenic fungi. All of which were within the applied research projects funded joint Egyptian/foreign (European Union, and the United States of America) in collaboration with the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture.

In 1989, Dr. Tawfik founded the Egyptian Society of Biological Control of Pests (ESBCP), based at the Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, for the purpose of uniting efforts of specialists and those interested in the field of biological control through a scientific association. The association has now more than 800 members from Egypt, the Arab states and some foreign countries. It carries out specific scientific conferences and symposia and also publishes an international scientific journal named “Egyptian Journal for Biological Pest Control” publishes in two issues per year. Dr. Tawfik was the president of the association council board since its inception until his death.

Dr. Tawfik was honored on his recognition of his efforts in the field of biological control by the President of Egypt with a Medal of Arts from the first class in 1986, awarded by the scientific creativity in 2000 and the State Award in Agricultural Science (Advanced Technology) in 2001. He also used to be a voted member of many national committees specialized in pest control at the Ministry of Agriculture and the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology. He was also honored by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in the World Food Day X in 1990, with a certificate of appreciation for his prominent in the development of agricultural research and the advancement of Egyptian agriculture.
Editorial board

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